Hip dysplasia is a painful condition caused by the abnormal development of one or both hips in your dog. Untreated hip dysplasia can worsen over time, severely limiting your dog's mobility. Our Glendale vets explain the three most effective surgeries used to treat hip dysplasia in dogs in today's post.
Hip Dysplasia in Dogs
The hip joint in dogs (as in humans) functions as a ball and socket, but when hip dysplasia strikes, the ball and socket fail to function normally. Hip dysplasia causes the ball and socket to grind and rub against each other instead of smoothly working together to facilitate comfortable movement, leading to further hip deterioration and eventual loss of function.
This condition is very painful for dogs but can also be very difficult for pet parents to deal with since it can be very upsetting to watch an otherwise healthy dog deal with the effects of hip dysplasia.
Causes of Hip Dysplasia
Hip dysplasia is often a hereditary condition. Although it is commonly seen in large and giant breed dogs, it can affect several smaller breeds such as pugs and French bulldogs.
If left untreated, hip dysplasia tends to worsen over time and eventually affect both hips (bilateral). Hip dysplasia in older dogs may be exacerbated by other painful conditions such as osteoarthritis.
While hip dysplasia is usually inherited, other factors can aggravate the genetic predisposition. Obesity, rapid growth, and certain types of exercise can all contribute to the development of this condition. Obese dogs' excess weight places abnormal stress on the hip joints, which may aggravate or even cause hip dysplasia.
Signs That Your Dog May Have Hip Dysplasia
Hip dysplasia typically manifests itself around the age of five months, but your puppy may not exhibit symptoms until they are in their middle or senior years. As your puppy grows into an adult, keep an eye out for the following signs of hip dysplasia:
- Signs of discomfort or pain while exercising
- Reluctance to exercise, or climb stairs
- Their back legs are stiff when he walks
- Stiffness when running
- Difficulties rising from a resting position
- Loss of muscle tone in back legs or thighs
- Grinding of the joint when moving
- Lameness in the hind end
- Decreased range of motion
- Running with a 'bunny hop'
How Vets Diagnose Hip Dysplasia in Dogs
During your dog’s regular wellness exams, your veterinarian will check your dog's overall physical health as well as the condition of all your dog's joints.
Your vet may move your pet’s hind legs to check for any grinding sounds, signs of pain, or reduced range of motion. If your vet suspects that your pup may have hip dysplasia, blood tests may be recommended to look for signs of inflammation.
Your veterinarian will also take a detailed medical history of your dog, including a list of specific symptoms and any previous injuries. Standard x-rays may also be used to determine the severity of your dog's hip dysplasia and the best treatment for your dog.
Dog Hip Dysplasia Surgery
Treatment options for dogs suffering from hip dysplasia range based on the severity of the condition, and may include lifestyle changes, pain meds, and surgery. There are 3 dog hip dysplasia surgeries commonly used:
Femoral Head Osteotomy (FHO)
FHO surgery entails removing the femoral head (ball) of the hip joint and allowing the body to form a "false" joint in its place. FHO surgery will not restore your dog's normal hip function, but it can be an effective way to manage the pain and discomfort caused by hip dysplasia.
Factors such as the size and age of your dog, as well as the severity of the condition, will all affect the cost of FHO surgery to treat your dog's hip dysplasia, however, you can expect to pay from $1,200 to $2,500.
Your dog's surgeon will provide you with specific instructions for caring for your pet after FHO surgery, but you will need to prevent your dog from doing any strenuous physical activity for at least 30 days. Recovery from this type of hip dysplasia surgery in dogs usually takes about six weeks. Your dog will be able to resume its regular physical activity once healing is complete.
Double or triple pelvic osteotomy (DPO/TPO)
Double or triple pelvic osteotomy surgeries are most commonly used to treat hip dysplasia in dogs under 10 months old. DPO/TPO surgery involves cutting the pelvic bone in specific locations and then rotating the segments to improve the functioning of the ball and socket joint. The cost of this type of hip dysplasia surgery in dogs varies but for most dogs, it will be in the $3,000 range for both hips.
Physical rehabilitation (physio for dogs) will almost certainly be required before full mobility can be restored (although you may notice joint stability improve within as little as four weeks). You can expect your dog to recover from DPO/TPO surgery in four to six weeks.
Total Hip Replacement (THR)
Total hip replacement surgery is typically the number one choice for the surgical treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs. This surgery is usually recommended if the dog is in considerable pain or close to completely immobile.
THR is the most effective surgery and involves using plastic and metal implants to replace the entire hip joint. THR can restore your dog's hip function to a more normal range and eliminates most of the pain caused by hip dysplasia.
A total hip replacement is both the most drastic and the most expensive treatment option for hip dysplasia. THR surgery uses custom-made artificial hip components for your dog, and the surgery is performed by certified veterinary surgeons.
A 12-week recovery period is expected to allow for proper healing. If your dog has hip dysplasia in both hips, surgery may be performed on only one hip at a time, with a three to the six-month interval between surgeries.